This is from A Sunday Morning Message delivered on 05/06/2018. It is broken down into sections so that it can be read in three days. This is day #1.

There are few Old Testament passages of Scripture quoted and discussed more often in the New Testament than Psalm 110. This song that was undoubtedly sung with fervent expectancy of the coming Messiah seems to have informed the apostles as to the nature of the coming Messiah. And, it should have.

It was probably written around 1044 BC, after David heard the covenant given to him in 1 Chronicles 17. And God would use this song that many after David would sing, to declare precious truths about the One who would come.

What do we find in Psalm 110?

We find that our priest-king will reign completely to the ends of the Earth.

Written over 1,000 years before Jesus would come to Earth, let us look into this great Psalm and see what it says about our Lord, Jesus Christ. And here we are 36 days after we celebrated the Resurrection of Jesus, who ascended 40 days after His resurrection on Easter Sunday talking about His Kingship.

First, we see that Jesus is king.

Jesus Is King (Psalm 110:1-3)

 “1 A Psalm of David. The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand, until I make your enemies your footstool.” 2 The LORD sends forth from Zion your mighty scepter. Rule in the midst of your enemies! 3 Your people will offer themselves freely on the day of your power, in holy garments; from the womb of the morning, the dew of your youth will be yours. “—Psalm 110:1-3 ESV

I am a firm believer in the New Testament being the divine revealer of the meaning of the Old Testament. The writers of both the Old and New Testament were “carried along by the Holy Spirit”, and the New Testament authors write about what happened in the Old Testament very often. So, we get a commentary into the meaning of texts from the New Testament writers.

Psalm 110 is discussed much in the New Testament and the first verse is discussed by Jesus in Matthew 22:41-46. There Jesus asks the Pharisees a question,

“What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?” (Matthew 22:41 ESV)

Their response is quite simple. “The son of David.” (Matthew 22:42 ESV)

Jesus points to this verse, Psalm 110:1 to point out something interesting to them. “How is it then that David, in the Spirit, calls him Lord…If then David calls him Lord, how is he his son.” (Matthew 22:42 & 45 ESV)

Two things stick out to me 1) Psalm 110 was already thought of as a Messianic Psalm in Jesus’ day. And well it should have been. The content is obviously about one who would come and be the Messiah. 2) The Messiah is going to be from the family of David but greater than David.

David is king and he calls this person to come “Lord”. Who then could David be talking about? Or, as Jesus says, “How is he his son?” (Psalm 110:45 ESV)

From all of the gospel accounts, we understand that Jesus is more than David’s son. Yes, he was born in the lineage of David. He is from the root of Jesse, but he is much more than that. He is God the Son, the Second person of the Trinity. He was “conceived by the Holy Spirit, born of the Virgin Mary.”

Jesus was right. He was more than a “son of David”. He is so much more.

What is it that God Himself says to this person who David calls Lord? He says, “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies your footstool.” (Psalm 110:1 ESV) One doesn’t have to linger long on this text to realize that Paul likely had it in mind when he said that

“at the name of Jesus every knew will bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” (Philippians 2:10-11 ESV)

40 days after the Resurrection Jesus ascended into Heaven to take His rightful place, at the right hand of the Father. And He sits there, in the place of honor and power, until His enemies are made a footstool for his feet. In other words, He is currently there ruling and reigning on high. His reign we find extends, even over the midst of his enemies.

I have to say that this is probably news to some people. I am sure that there are people out there today who would deny with everything that is in them that Jesus is Lord over them, but the truth of the matter is that He is.

Being saved is not about making Jesus “Lord of your life”. He is already Lord over your life. There was never a time where Jesus was not Lord over your life. It is who He has always been. He is Lord over you and everyone and everything else. The question is whether or not you have submitted to Him by trusting in Him and His finished work.

There is another group of people mentioned here. It is those people who submit themselves willingly. They “offer themselves freely” and they are clothed in “holy garments” and they live in a Kingdom with their King that is perpetually the “dew of your youth”.

This is us. This is, we who have trusted in Christ. We have trusted in the great king even though we live in a land that seems to be run by His enemies. We look around and see all sorts of chaos surrounding us, but we are His people. We are those who are in holy garments serving the king. And, as the text says, we are looking forward to the day when He will not be ruling in the midst of his enemies, but ruling a righteous world that is not in rebellion against him.

Jesus’ rule and reign is currently in the midst of his enemies. Currently, how is the power of Christ known? In the situation we are in, when Christ rules in the midst of His enemies, how does the world see the power of Christ? Is it not through the Church’s proclamation of the truth accompanied by the work of the Holy Spirit?

“It is in and through the Church that for the present the power of the Messiah is known.”—Charles Haddon Spurgeon The Treasury of David. Vol. 2. P. 461

We have a picture here of a people going forth with their king to conquer. But, as the picture gets clearer in the New Testament we understand that this conquering doesn’t take place with swords or guns. We also understand that this conquering is not political in nature. What we find is that this conquering takes place as we declare the terms that the King has set forth. We are sinners who have rebelled against the great King. And rather than banishing us all to death He provided a way for us to be restored to Him and to be found guiltless. This great King, Jesus, died in our place. He took the punishment of death upon Himself that we might be brought back into the Kingdom. Jesus then rose from the dead, conquering the power of sin and death. Here are the terms of surrender that we are to set forth. Repent, that is turn from ruling your own life and believe. That is trust in the One who died in your place. Trust in the One who lived a perfect life for you. These are the terms that we deliver and with the work of the Holy Spirit this message has worked to conquer many lands.

You are here, the people of God, going forth. You are conquering, I pray, the lands for the gospel that you live in as you deliver the message of the Great King in the Power of the Holy Spirit.

 

 

R. Dwain Minor